The Conservation Area of Jedburgh includes much of the historic core of the town including the Abbey and the Castle Gaol.
The Abbey was founded by David I in 1138 and was destroyed on the orders of Henry VIII of England. It is now the most complete surviving abbey in the Borders despite being burned nine times.
At the highest point of the Town sits the Castle Gaol. Built on the site of the medieval castle it was once the most important stronghold in the Borders.
The prison took its name from the site and has always been called Jedburgh Castle.
Similar to Edinburgh Old Town in its layout, Jedburgh has a long street that rises terminating with the castle at the highest point.
Shops and other commercial properties are focused in the central area and are laid out around where the Mercat Cross once sat with roads leading off in all directions.
Properties within the Conservation Area are built in rows with some detached properties particularly along Friarsgate.
Ranging from two to three and a half storeys in height, properties vary in styles.
Although the elements highlighted are important and contribute greatly to the character of Jedburgh they do not do so in isolation.
Building materials and architectural details are also just as important. Sandstone, some whinstone, harling, and slate all help to form the character. Architectural details such as sash and case windows (though there are some unfortunate uPVC replacements), rybats, margins, detailed door heads above some entrances and in some instances pilasters all add to the sense of place. Any new development must therefore aim to contribute to the existing character of the Conservation Area.
There are 135 listed properties within the amended Jedburgh Conservation Area of which eight are category “A”.
Alterations from previous Statement and Boundary
Alterations to the Jedburgh Conservation Area boundary from that shown in the Roxburgh Local Plan 1995 consist of the inclusion of 8, 10, 12 and 14 Exchange Street, properties 1 – 11 (incl) Balfour Court, Glenvohr, land surrounding the Old Jail and Friarsgate. The only exclusion from the boundary is the land to the south which also takes in the bowling green and the wooded area. General tidying of the boundary is also proposed so that it follows elements on the ground.