The Conservation Area of Gavinton covers the majority of the village.
Gavinton although not comprehensively planned, was intentionally laid out in the 18th century. The Village was built by the wealthy landowner David Gavin. He located it out of sight from his own house (Langton House) but at a convenient and efficient distance from his estate for his tenants.
The Gavinton Conservation Area has a distinct layout and is laid out in two short terrace rows with only a few detached properties.
It is centred on the rectangular green that is surrounded by mainly single and two-storey properties. As the layout of Gavinton is one of the most important features of the Conservation Area, it is recommended that new development should respect this characteristic.
Other details that are found within the Conservation Area that also relate to its layout being worthy of protection are that properties are in near continuous rows and are occasionally punctuated by side-streets or paths.
Building materials that prevail throughout the Conservation Area are sandstone, harling and slate.
While the architectural details include sash and case windows (unfortunately many have been replaced), transom lights, margins and rybats.
While these individual elements of the built fabric may not appear significant, their collective contribution to the Conservation Area forms its character.
Any new development or alterations must therefore aim to respect the individual building and the wider Conservation Area and take account of these important features.
There are a total of 29 listed structures within the amended Conservation Area.
Designation, adoption and boundary information
Alterations to the Gavinton Conservation Area boundary from that shown in the Berwickshire Local Plan (1994) consist of the exclusion of new properties to the north, Oaklea, Ainslie, Somerslea, Eluned and Tree Tops. General tidying of the boundary was also undertaken so that it follows elements on the ground.