The Eddleston Conservation Area includes the entire historic village and has two distinct focal points, Station Road and the area around the Horseshoe. The village was founded about 1785 as a single street of whinstone cottages and is terminated by Station House to the north.
Properties range from two to two and a half, detached and single storey cottages built in rows.
Eddleston village is set where the Eddleston Water meets the Longcote Burn and the Dean Burn. It is a result of these waterways that Eddleston has the three bridges crossing them, the two within the Conservation Area being humped back.
All buildings relate to the landline and tend to rise and fall with the topography while the properties along Station Road front directly onto the street.
Along Station Road small single storey cottage style properties are the norm, though some properties rise to two storeys elsewhere.
Prominent buildings consist of the Parish Church on the hill and the Horseshoe with its uniquely horseshoe shaped windows reflecting its previous use as a smithy.
Features that are evident throughout the Conservation Area and which form the character of the place are the use of building materials like whin and sand stone (predominately beige coloured though a few examples of red), harling and exposed rafter feet.
Architectural details such as gabled porch entrances, bay windows, margins or stepped rybats and sash and case windows can be frequently seen. It is all of these elements that gives Eddleston its distinct appearance that should be preserved.
It is for that reason that any alterations to individual buildings or any new development within the Conservation Area should seek to respect the individual building and the wider Conservation Area.
There are five listed buildings within the Conservation Area, however one listing includes a group along Station Road – Nos 1-23 and 2-22.
Designation, adoption and boundary information
The Eddleston Conservation Area as shown in the Tweeddale Local Plan (1996) had taken in much of the settlement however, the boundary has now been re-drawn and now excludes much of the areas covered by the new development as Elibank Park. The Conservation Area now focuses on the historic part of the village.