Ancrum Conservation Area comprises all the historic core of the village. Included within the Conservation Area are a group of caves on the south bank of the Ale Water, which may have been used as early as the middle of the 16th century. The village gained its name from its location, at the bend of the River Ale.
The conservation village of Ancrum is set around a triangular green and is raised by means of a retaining wall. It is here around this green that properties are mainly one and a half or two storeys in height. As the layout of Ancrum is one of the most important features of the Conservation Area, it is recommended that new development should respect this characteristic.
Buildings of feature include the 16th century Market Cross, the War Memorial, the Cross Keys Public Bar and the Parish Church.
The majority of properties are constructed of traditional materials, sand and whin stone, slate and harling all predominate. With regards to architectural detailing, continuous cills at upper floors, sash and case windows, and both margins and rybats appear frequently.
While these individual elements of the built fabric may not appear significant, their collective contribution to the Conservation Area forms its character. Any new development or alterations must therefore aim to respect the individual building and the wider Conservation Area and take account of these important features.
There are six listed buildings within the Conservation Area of which the category B Market Cross is also a Scheduled Ancient Monument.
Designation, adoption and boundary information
Alterations to the Ancrum Conservation Area boundary from that shown in the Roxburgh Local Plan 1995 consist of the inclusion of the Lidgate property and general tidying of the boundary so that it follows elements on the ground.